Category: Essential Weight Training Exercises For Beginners (under construction)

Cardiovascular Training/Walk, Run or Jog

There is probably no better exercise for restoration of the body and mind than a good outside walk, run or jog. Being outside in the great outdoors with your heart pumping extra oxygenated blood throughout your body does wonderful things for physical and mental healing. It matters not if you are an avid runner, or just one who likes to go for brisk walks, the benefit is all the same. Cardiovascular training not only aids in lowering your risk for heart disease, it also reduces stress levels, increases energy, and improves sleep and digestion. It is a well established fact that regular cardiovascular training improves muscular function and strength and improvement in the body’s ability to take in and use oxygen.  As one’s ability to transport and use oxygen improves, regular daily activities can be performed with less fatigue than when your cardiovascular health is not optimal.

You do not need to be a marathon runner or an elite athlete to derive significant benefits from cardiovascular activity. You do not have to already be in “shape to begin.  Know that you should always consult your physician before starting any type of exercise.

Clearly, most people can derive significant benefits from integrating a half hour of moderate activity into their day. If you know you simply cannot or will not set aside a half hour of activity on a given day, then try to work more activities into the day by taking the stairs rather than the elevator, or try walking rather than driving a short distance to the store. Try to work several shorter periods of activity, such as 10 minutes, into your schedule. The most important thing is to get started.

Whether you walk, run or jog, cardiovascular training can offer numerous health benefits to people of all ages and fitness levels. It may also help prevent certain diseases and even prolong your life. Best of all, cardiovascular exercise is free, and quite easy to fit into your daily routine. All you need to start  is a good pair of shoes for the exercise you are going to do.

Benefits of Cardiovascular Exercise:

Cardio helps you burn calories.

Burning calories can help you maintain or lose weight. Your actual calorie burn will depend on several factors, including:

  • your speed
  • distance covered
  • terrain (you’ll burn more calories walking uphill than you’ll burn on a flat surface)
  • your weight
Cardio strengthens the heart.

Walking at least 30 minutes a day, five days a week can reduce your risk for coronary heart disease. And your risk may reduce even more when you increase the duration or distance you walk per day.

Cardio can help to lower your blood sugar.

It is well established that by taking a short walk after eating, you can lower your blood sugar.  Studies have found that taking a 15-minute walk three times a day (after breakfast, lunch, and dinner) improved blood sugar levels more than taking a 45-minute walk at another point during the day. Consider making a post-meal walk a regular part of your routine. It can also help you fit exercise in throughout the day.

Note: If you have been living a sedentary lifestyle, give yourself a half hour after eating before beginning any vigorous exercise.

Cardio can ease joint pain.

Walking can help protect the joints, including your knees and hips. That’s because it helps lubricate and strengthen the muscles that support the joints. Walking may also provide benefits for people living with arthritis, such as reducing pain. And walking 5 to 6 miles a week may also help prevent arthritis.

Cardio helps to improve your mood.

Walking can help your mental health. Studies show it can help reduce anxiety, depression, and a negative mood. It can also boost self-esteem and reduce symptoms of social withdrawal. To experience these benefits, aim for 30 minutes of brisk walking or other moderate intensity exercise three days a week. You can also break it up into three 10-minute walks.

Walking can clear your head and help you think creatively, especially when walking outdoors. It is a most excellent way to open up a free flow of ideas and is a simple way to increase creativity and get physical activity at the same time.

What if the inclement weather does not permit outside cardiovascular exercise?

If weather keeps you from outside exercise, then you might consider buying a treadmill for home use. There are many on the market and are a great investment for your health and wellbeing. Using one will help you lose weight and burn fat, and you can get started at almost any level of fitness. Benefits of having a treadmill at home include:

  1. Cheaper than a gym membership for a year but will last longer.
  2. Available all year round 24/7 – whenever you have a spare 5 or 10 minutes.
  3. You’ll burn extra calories to help boost your weight loss.
  4. No need to get changed into gym wear. Just pop on your trainers, grab a bottle of water and go!
  5. Doesn’t matter what the weatherman says, you can walk regardless.
  6. Brilliant for de-stressing after work or when the kids are finally in bed.
  7. It is a great way to wake you up in the morning.
  8. You can listen to songs you love that no one else likes while you’re walking on the treadmill. Even your guilty pleasure songs that you don’t admit to anyone you like!
  9. You could listen to an audible book while burning some calories.
  10. You could even set up your laptop and catch up on an episode of your favourite TV program while you’re walking.
  11. Only got 3 minutes spare? You can walk on the treadmill.
  12. Many of them fold up so loads of space isn’t needed.
  13. You can use the incline on your treadmill to make the walk a little harder which will make you burn even more calories.
  14. It will help to tone up your bottom – walking uphill is great for the glutes
  15. Looking for some peace and quiet? Get on the treadmill
  16. Need to work through a problem? Work it out while you’re working out!

If you are considering the purchase of your first treadmill, you do not need to feel the need to break your bank with the most expensive model you can find. Yet, you also do not want to choose one that is cheaply made, they will not last any longer than their warranty, which is usually not that long. Our good friends at ConsumersAdvocate have an excellent, in depth review of treadmills you can read by clicking the link provided. This is a must read before making your purchase. In their article, they discuss price ranges, features, warranty and customer service for several good treadmills you can find at your local sporting goods outlet. Do yourself a favor and be armed with solid information before putting down your hard earned cash and this investment into your health and well being.

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The Lunge

The Lunge

The  lunge is an exercise that requires no equipment and can be done just about anywhere you please.  When executing the lunge, your front leg is bent at the knee with the foot flat on the floor, and the back leg is bent behind. Lunges are used by athletes, weight lifters, and even as part of yoga practices. You will find that lunges are an excellent exercise to perform in order to define and shape the legs and glutes, while also improving balance, coordination, and stability as they will also strengthen your back along with your hips, and legs.The physical benefits of doing lunges may extend into other areas of your life as they give you more strength and confidence.

Benefits of Lunges

Weight loss

Lunges work the large muscle groups in your lower body, which builds leans muscle and reduces body fat. This can increase your resting metabolism, which allows you to burn more calories and trim excess weight.

Balance and stability

Lunges are a lower body unilateral exercise since you work on each side of your body independently. The single-leg movements activate your stabilizing muscles to develop balance, coordination, and stability. Working one leg at a time causes your body to be less stable, which forces your spine and core to work harder to stay balanced.

Alignment and symmetry

Lunges are better than bilateral exercises for rehabilitation since they can correct imbalances and misalignments in your body to make it more symmetrical. If you have one side that’s less strong or flexible, spend a bit of extra time working on this side so you don’t overcompensate or overuse the dominant side.

Stand taller

If we are being honest, a fit and trim body that stands with good posture is far more attractive than the alternative. Lunges will strengthen your back and core muscles without putting too much stress or strain on your spine. A strong, stable core reduces your chance of injury and improves your posture,  which make common, every day movements far easier.

Muscles Used

Lunges increase muscle mass to build up strength and tone your body, especially your core, butt, and legs. Improving your appearance isn’t the main benefit of shaping up your body, as you’ll also improve your body’s range of motion.

Lunges target the following muscles:

  • abdominals
  • back muscles
  • gluteal muscles
  • quadriceps
  • hamstrings
  • calves

There are more than one type of Lunge you can do in your exercise routine which bring you great benefit.

 Front Lunges

Stationary lunges target your glutes, quadriceps, and hamstrings. You’ll put most of your weight on your front leg and use your back leg to balance, stabilize, and support your entire body.

You’ll want to get the form down since stationary lunges are the foundation for all the lunge variations.

Side Lunges

Lateral Lunges develop balance, stability, and strength. They work your inner and outer thighs and may even help to reduce the appearance of cellulite.

Side Lunges train your body to move side to side, which is a nice change from your body’s normal forward or twisting movements. Plus, side lunges target your quadriceps, hips, and legs at a slightly different angle, thus working them a little differently.

Walking Lunges

To do walking Lunges, you’ll need balance and coordination. The walking variation targets your core, hips, and glutes, and improves overall stability. They also increase your range of motion and help to improve your functional everyday movements.

Reverse Lunges

Reverse Lunges activate your core, glutes, and hamstrings. They put less stress on your joints and give you a bit more stability in your front leg. This is ideal for people who have knee concerns, difficulty balancing, or less hip mobility.

Reverse lunges allow you to be more balanced as you move backward, changing up the direction from most of your movements and training your muscles to work differently.

The two “basic” Lunges are the front and reverse. The big difference between the two is with a front lunge you step one foot forward as you lower your body while with a reverse lunge, you step a foot behind your body when you lunge.

Lunges are simple, making them accessible to people who want to add them to part of a longer routine or do them for a few minutes at a time throughout the day. You must stay on track and be consistent to maintain your results over time.

For each lunge variation, do 2 to 3 sets of 8 to 12 repetitions. If you feel yourself starting to plateau, up the intensity by doing more difficult variations, adding weights, or increasing the amount you do. However, be sure to get your form down correctly before you move on to more challenging variations.

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The Plank

The Plank is an exercise that it seems every newbie to fitness wants to master in order to strengthen their core. You can venture onto just about any beginning strength training or weight loss forum and find a plethora of planking challenges being presented to the eager followers. The problem is, while there is some utility in mastering the plank, it is an overrated exercise that too many people do not even do correctly. I personally feel there is a better use of your gym time, but I will digress, and write about them since they are not going to die a peaceful death anyhow.

What is a Plank’s benefit?

 In addition to doing crunches, planks can help improve your core strength and stability. Simply get into the top or start position of a pushup while keeping your palms and toes firmly planted on the ground, your back straight, and your core tight. Then lower yourself down onto your elbows and hold for 30 seconds to one minute at the most. Bear in mind that a saggy back or bottom during a plank can result in lower back pain later on, so be sure not to compromise your form. Do not let your head sag.

Long periods of planking are really not beneficial for you. If you are going to get the most benefit of doing planks, do sets of 5 to 10 reps with a 30 second hold. A simple plank should be held for a maximum of 30 seconds to one minute at the most. With all the internet challenges, it may excite you to push beyond this point, but the result is only going to lead to unnecessary stress and strain on your body. It’s common for fitness newbies to want to work muscles to failure but it must be remembered that this is failure of form, not strength. When holding a plank to failure, as soon as your back begins to sags and your abdominals start to sink to the floor, consider yourself done with the rep. Once you are past this point the abs are no longer working but intense pressure is placed on the ribs and into the shoulders. You may still be able to hold the plank but you are no longer performing an effective exercise.

Planks alone won’t give you a six pack.

But when paired with a healthy diet and total-body strength exercises, planks can help you develop definition in your middle as they train the inner core muscles, including the transversus abdominis, which lays the foundation for creating a stronger, more defined rectus abdominis — the front sheath of abs that you see in the mirror. For people with disc issues or existing back pain, planks are safer than crunches because they don’t require flexion of the spine.

Planks done wrong will cause you problems.

Common complaints when attempting to do planks is that it hurts the shoulders, back and wrists. If you are experiencing joint pain, you’re doing something incorrectly.

 Arching your back

The back arch is the most common reason for back pain during a plank. Your back should be held perfectly flat when you are performing a plank. If you held a stick on your back it should touch your back down the length of the whole spine. To ensure this, tuck the butt and engage your lower abs. This is called a pelvic tilt. This will elongate the spine and help to engage the right muscles and alleviate back pain.

Collapsing the Upper Back

The next common mistake occurs in the upper back around the shoulders. Do not allow your scapula, or shoulder blades to pinch together. Focus on pushing hard through the floor and drawing your chest upward to fill the space in-between your shoulder blades.

You are raising your butt to the sky

This is a plank, you are not trying to do the yoga pose “downward dog” where your hands are forward of your shoulders and your rear end is jutting up towards the sky. Remember the stick trick. Everything should be straight. If you’re butt is in the air, try to get it down to the same level as the shoulders and ankles.

Wrist and Elbow Alignment

Arms are another important element to the plank. Keep the arms at body width, don’t go too wide.  Elbows should be below the shoulders. In the push up position, try to line the fingertips up with the shoulders so the base of your palm is in line with the middle of your chest. When doing a forearm plank, tuck the elbows under your body. Try to keep the hands below eye level and keep the elbows squeezing in to your center. No chicken wings!

Remember these key points next time you practice your planks so that you can get the most out of this exercise.

The Sit Up

Photo by bruce mars on Unsplash

Almost exclusively, when overweight folks want to lose their belly fat, they will naively begin doing as many sit ups as they can every day until they fail to see any positive results. If you fit this description:


First and foremost, you cannot spot reduce body fat!

Next, a good looking mid section is created in the kitchen, and not in the gym!

Get your diet right, quit eating foods with added sugars along with processed foods if you want to create a sexy stomach for yourself. Sit ups will help, but they will not get you there alone!

Sorry, it’s not my best picture.

Am I saying not to do sit ups?

Actually, no I am not saying that, however, I wanted to very clearly make the point that you have to have your diet in order to create visible abdominal muscles. This is a truth for everyone who desires visible abs. You cannot lose body fat in specific areas of your body by training that body part more often. If someone ever tells you that you’ll lose your gut by performing abdominal exercises, politely explain to him or her that it’s impossible to control where body fat comes off your body.

The most common reason for not having visible abs is simply that your body fat is not low enough, simply there is fat between your skin and muscle which is blurring or obscuring the lines and definition of your six pack. If you want visible abs, the ability to create them comes mostly down to consistency with a healthy diet and being in a caloric deficit which unfortunately means its much more of a mental battle and takes weeks, months and even years depending on the persons starting point. Unfortunately, abdominal fat is usually the last bit to come off and the first to come back.

If I were to desire targeting my abs only, then crunches are what I will do. However, I never do just one type of exercise to affect my abs and core.  While crunches target your ab muscles specifically, the problem with sit ups is the involvement of your hip flexors once you begin having difficulty in performing them. As soon as your abs become fatigued, your hip flexors take over so as you can see, sit ups are not actually the best exercise for your abs. The hip flexors are a strong group of muscles, and they will take over. The result is you end up working your hip flexors more than your abdominal muscles. A perfect example is the kind of sit-up where you put your feet under something that holds them down and then do a bunch of sit-ups with an almost flat back. Those mostly work your hip flexors. People who do Pilates run the same risk with the many flexion (forward-bending) exercises they do.


Most people see abs as the little hard boxes in the middle of their torso, but the muscle system is actually far more complex which is another reason why endless sit ups are not enough. Your abdominal wall is built of the rectus abdominis (the six-pack), internal and external obliques that run along the sides of your rectus abdominis, and the transverse abdominis which lies beneath the internal oblique. I also like to include the serratus anterior because, if you can see the muscles on the top of your rib cage, you will look like a bodybuilder.

These muscles help the torso flex, extend, and rotate. Most importantly, the muscles also help the torso stay stable against flexion, extension, and rotation. If you only train them to flex by doing endless crunches, you won’t activate each of the muscles in ways in which they can grow. Like any other muscle in the body, the abdominals need to be trained from various angles and dimensions so they can really pop!

Tips to Create Visible Abs

  1. The single most important aspect when it comes to getting your abs to show is having a low body fat percentage. Every single one of us have abdominal muscles that can be made more visible with training.Ultimately, if you want to see your abs, then you need to be at 10% body fat or less if you are male and 18% or less for women.Create a healthy lifestyle and quit doing all those useless fad diets. Stop performing endless sit ups and crunches. If you’ve got too much body fat you’re not going to realize visible results.
  2. Performing lots of ab work seems great. However, performing endless amounts of body weight crunches and sit ups will not build up much in the way of ab muscle and certainly won’t help drastically reduce body fat. While bodyweight exercises will help boost your metabolism and burn calories, there are many more effective exercises you can do instead.
  3. Excluding fitness professionals whose bodies are used to their constant daily routine of abdominal training, the average gym goer should understand that rest is just as important as training. Like your arms or legs, your abs need time to recover and grow. You can read more about the importance of exercise, nutrition and rest in my detailed article Fitness Triad.
  4.  The importance of losing body fat has already been presented to you. In order to lose body fat, you will need to be eating in a caloric deficit. Fad diet tactics to rapidly reduce weight such as liquid diets might get you a visible set of abs for maybe a couple days at best, but then you’ll pile weight back on. Instead, your nutrition should be tailored around a reduction of calories while continuing to eat healthy food. Eat nothing but whole, healthy foods and quit eating processed foods and those with added sugar!
  5. Learn to reduce your levels of stress by “making your world small”. Take control of your life instead of letting your life control you. When stressed, your body releases excess cortisol which hinders fat loss. Cortisol is catabolic, which means it can break down tissue. If you’re trying to get abs, you’ll want to put your body in an anabolic state. Avoiding stress as much as possible is vital. Sleep puts cortisol levels at their lowest during your slow wave sleep stage. Prioritizing a good night’s rest will help put your body in the best state it can be to lose weight and build muscle.
  6. If you often head out with the intention of having a few beers on the weekend but often ending up with a full weekend of excess drinking, your body is going to rebel against you. Just stop it. Whether you’re downing beers or sticking to wine or mixed drinks, alcohol is still a catastrophic hindrance in getting your abs to show. The excess calories aside, alcohol messes up your sleep pattern, shuts down fat burning and strains the liver. If you want to look ‘cut’, you’ll need to cut out the alcohol.
  7. Achieving muscle definition is never a quick and easy process as you might think it to be, especially if you are significantly overweight. Losing body fat is a hard thing that requires time and dedication to your own betterment. Our bodies do not want to make quick changes.  and due to the low amount of body fat you need to have visible abs, you might feel like they’re never going to show and give up. You have to have faith and trust the process as we have laid out in our free to all, David’s Way Plan. As long as you eat at a caloric deficit, put healthy foods in your body and perform the right kinds of exercise, you’ll see results. Just don’t expect to see them instantly.
  8. With every single fitness goal – whether it’s to build lots of mass, gain strength, slim down, compete in an event, or getting your abs to show, dedication is the single most important thing. You need to give a routine time to work. Don’t just switch from one gimmick to the next and expect to see a six pack.

    Good nutrition, hard work, effort put together with a well-structured routine is how you will get your abs to show!

The Pull Up

I love doing Pull Ups, they are a true display of upper body strength as they are most difficult to execute. Being an advanced exercise many people cannot perform even a single one. yet that is no reason that you should not begin working towards being able to do them. This exercise is a great strength builder for the upper back, which makes it of extreme importance since a strong back is a healthy back that is less prone to injury.

Muscles worked by the Pull Up

As we can see from the picture above, by performing Pull Ups regularly, you’ll work your arms and shoulders. But, they are actually more of an upper back strengthening exercise that is great for working the following muscles:

  • Latissimus dorsi: largest upper back muscle that runs from the mid-back to under the armpit and shoulder blade
  • Trapezius: located from your neck out to both shoulders
  • Thoracic erector spinae: the three muscles that run along your thoracic spine
  • Infraspinatus: assists with shoulder extension and is located on the shoulder blade

If you’re looking to improve your daily, functional strength and physique, you really should perform Pull Ups on a regular basis as a component to a full body strengthening routine.

How to execute a Pull Up

  • Use an overhand grip on the bar with your hands slightly wider than shoulder-width. Wrap all your fingers around the bar for maximum grip.
  • Hang freely under the bar. If your feet can still touch the ground, cross them behind you. Tighten your core to prevent your body from swinging.
  • Retract your shoulder blades, as if you’re pinching a pencil between them in the center of your back.
  • Drive your elbows down and back, and pull your chest up toward the bar. Keep your core engaged to prevent you from swinging under the bar.
  • Pause for a moment at the top—with your chin over the bar—and then slowly lower back to the start under control.

Pull Ups are different than a Chin Up. With a Chin Up, your palms and hands face toward you.

The Pull Up is considered an advanced exercise. It’s more difficult than the Chin Up. But the Pull Up can be modified or done on an assisted machine for beginners, and you’ll still get benefits from these variations.

Pull Up Program for absolute beginners:

Pictured above is a Pull Up bar that can be used in almost any doorway. It requires no tools or special mounting as it can be hung and removed with the greatest of ease, yet they can support over 200 pounds of body weight.

(Promote Upper Body Muscular Balance) dot

Muscular imbalance should be avoided at all costs. This will ultimately cause unnecessary injuries that will hinder your weightlifting journey. One common cause of these imbalances is focusing too much in pushing exercises (bench press, military press, etc) and neglecting your pulling muscles. Incorporating pull-ups will definitely give a carryover effect in promoting muscular balance in your upper body.

Getting started.

Static Holds

Begin by first getting used to holding your body weight essentially by just hanging from the bar. What you will do is hang on the bar on the top movement of the Pull Up and hold that flexed position until your muscles fatigue forcing you to drop to the ground. Rest and repeat for another 5 to 6 Static Holds. You can use all the different grip variations within one workout.


 Select the type of Pull Up  you want  to master. Grasp your Pull Up bar and then jump up so that your chest will be over the bar. Gravity will do its role and bring you down after you jump. With all your might, resist gravity’s force when going down. When you land on your feet just jump up again and repeat the negative as many times as you are capable.

Moving on

Once you have become comfortable with performing static holds and negatives, it is time to begin working at actually performing repetitions by using the instructions above. No worries if you still can’t do them, I would advise that you purchase resistance bands to help assist you.

To use a band, loop it through itself around a Pull Up bar and pull tight to secure. Stand on a box, grab the bar, and place one foot inside the loop. Hold yourself with your hands as you step off the box and extend both legs so your body is vertical and then pull yourself up.

The Push Up

Traditional Push Ups are beneficial for building upper body strength. They work the triceps, pectoral muscles, and shoulders.

Push Ups are a fast and effective exercise for building strength that can be done from virtually anywhere. Although you may have a desire to join a world-class gym, their monthly dues may not fit in your tight budget. Thankfully, you don’t need an expensive gym membership – or even any equipment – to obtain an effective and thorough full body workout. All you require is a small bit of floor space and a little time to perform them. You should also know that when done with proper form, they can also strengthen the lower back and core by engaging  abdominal muscles muscles since you are actually doing a Plank as a part of the exercise.

Pushups are particularly effective at strengthening the muscles around the shoulder joints.

Why do we need to care about the health of our shoulders? Simply put, our shoulders are a crucial part of our mobility and independence. We need them to be healthy and pain-free in order to accomplish our basic life functions such as driving a car, lifting groceries, doing housework, or picking up our children or grandchildren. As we age, the shoulders become vulnerable to health problems and pain that may curtail those activities a great deal or entirely. The muscles and tendons in the shoulder area are responsible for keeping the upper arm bone in the shoulder socket.

Push Ups aren’t just about building your upper-body strength. They can also be considered a full-body workout when done correctly.

A significant component of that total-body work includes core strength and stability. When performed correctly, pushups are a great way to stabilize and strengthen your core, which is essentially all parts of your body that aren’t your heads, arms, or legs.

While certain core moves focus primarily on the abdominal muscles, a properly performed pushup targets some of the lesser-known muscles in your core, like transverse abdominis (the deepest core muscle that helps supports your spine), multifidus (a series of small muscles that run along the spine), and others. By targeting these other core muscles, you’re helping the entire unit of your core become stronger and more stable. Because the core is essentially the powerhouse of the body and a crucial component of the movements we do in so many different scenarios, a stronger core unit will essentially make everything in life easier.

Hot to perform the Push Up

Standard Push Ups

Fully extending your legs increases the difficulty of this move by adding more body weight. The amount of weight you are pushing with standard Push Ups  is about 64 percent of your body weight . To compare, a kneeling Push Up is about 49 percent which makes it perfect for beginners.

Begin with your chest and stomach flat on the floor. Your legs should be straight out behind you and your palms should be at chest level with the arms bent out at a 45-degree angle.

Exhale as you push from your hands and heels, bringing your torso, chest, and thighs off the ground.

Pause for a second in the plank position — keep your core engaged.

Inhale as you slowly lower back to your starting position.

What if I can’t even do Push Ups from  kneeling?

Simple! You can begin by doing the same movements from a standing position and pushing away from a wall. You can slowly move your way back from the wall to add more resistance as you progress.

Later, as you have progressed from the wall, find something shorter you can lean against such as a stub wall, a kitchen countertop, a piece of furniture etc…

Find some like minded friends and make your Push Up exercise fun!

The Bent Over Barbell Row

It cannot be stated enough, that when in the gym working out, you are best off by making the most efficient use of your time with compound movements that work multiple muscle groups at the same time rather than trying to work single muscles for hours on end. The thing that happens with newbies to weight training who want to do the easy, single muscle lifts, they will develop muscle and strength imbalances. These imbalances can cause you injury and also does not make for a fit and trim looking body. The best way for one who is new to get the best looking body that is also strong, is to concentrate on doing compound lifts that work more than one muscle group with a single lift. Additionally, for every pushing or pressing lift you perform, you also want to do a corresponding pulling exercise to be sure and work those mirror muscles. The Bent Over Barbell Row is the perfect, complimentary lift for the bench press as it targets the muscles on the opposite side of your body.The bent-over row (and any back exercises, for that matter) are important to incorporate into your strength routine to maintain the balance of strength between the back and front of your body. Strength balance obtained from a proper push-pull program is vital to healthy skeletal function, posture and joint health – and can even serve to improve aesthetics to a greater degree in the long run from a greater quantity of large muscle group improvement throughout the body. Cooperative muscle groups including those serving agonist/antagonist roles along with those that function for stability need healthy strength relationships

Muscles worked by the Bent Over Barbell Row.

As you can see in the above picture, Bent Over Barbell Rows are primarily a back exercise. However, they recruit the rest of your body as well-which is what makes them a must-have for any strength-training routine.The Bent Over Barbell Row also targets your biceps, as well as muscles in your shoulders and forearms, plus your legs and core. The abdominal and lower-back muscles contract to stabilize while performing this excellent lift. Strengthening these muscles improves your posture and spinal stability, thereby, reducing the risk of lower-back injuries.

How to execute the Bent Over Barbell Row

Stand with your mid-foot under the bar (medium stance)

Bend over and grab the bar (palms down, medium-grip)

Unlock your knees while keeping your hips high

Lift your chest and straighten your back

Pull the bar against your lower chest

Return the bar to the floor. Breathe. Straighten your back, take a big breath, hold it. Then perform your next rep.
Bent Over Barbell Rows are easy to cheat. You can lift heavier weights by using your hips. But your upper-back should do most of the work. If your torso rises too far above horizontal, the weight is too heavy. Lower it to work your upper-back mostly, not your hips.


Exercises like the Bent Over Barbell Row should be thought of more as an exercise rather than as a lift. The Bent Over Barbell Row is an exercise that is used to strengthen a muscle group(s) that aids in the performance of other LIFTS, namely the deadlift, but also the bench and squat to a degree. In order for an assistance exercise of this nature to be  most effective, you need to be able to feel the muscle group working. You  should do 4 or 5 sets of 5 to 10 reps of Bent Over Barbell Rows in your workout.  Note: If you do not feel a massive pump in your upper and mid-back when you are doing this exercise, you should re-evaluate how you are executing the exercise as you are doing things wrong.


The Overhead Press

Like many, if not most weight trainers, I have a love-hate relationship with the Overhead Press. I love it because nothing builds more confidence, nor strokes the ego like pushing a heavy weight over your head. When I was a kid, I was always fascinated by the Olympic weight lifters and their heavy presses, these men and women were so strong and fit. Hoisting a heavy weight over head has always been a display of strength that I wanted to emulate. However, as much as I love this particular lift, I also hate it.

Why do I hate it?

Simply because it is the hardest lift to progress on. It is the lift that every lifter will fail on first in their training. It is the lift that will kick your tail with the least amount of weight when compared to the Squat, Dead Lift and Bench Press. This is a tough lift to master if you have a desire to continue increasing your workout weights because it uses small muscle groups when compared to those other big lifts. With smaller muscles being utilized to complete the lift, it is only natural that you are not going to be able to lift as much weight. Yet, because this lift is such an important one to master, it is included in every lifting program I use. These smaller muscle groups play a role in assisting other muscle groups for functional strength, and lets face it, strong shoulders on a man or woman are far more eye appealing that weak, drooping shoulders.

Which muscles are used with the Overhead Press?

The Overhead Press is the perfect lift you should incorporate into your lifting routine in order to build up and strengthen your shoulders. You will find that it is also fantastic for our upper traps, upper chest, triceps, posture, and even our abs, making it one of the best lifts for improving shoulder girdle,  and developing more appealing aesthetics while also strengthening your hips, and building stability through the legs.

You will find the Overhead Press to be an excellent exercise for developing stronger abs and obliques. While it is somewhat inferior to the chin-up, it does do a much better job of stimulating your abs than the Bench Press, Squat, and Dead Lift. In fact, if you’re doing both chin-ups and overhead presses, your core will get a fairly solid workout, you may not even need ab isolation exercises.

How To Overhead Press

The movement begins in the bottom (start) position.

Stand with your entire body tight and rigid.

Hold a barbell just above your upper chest, hands slightly wider that shoulder width.

Now think of an imaginary straight line drawn from the elbows through the wrists and hands and into the ceiling.

Press the bar up along this path as the elbows extend, taking the same path back down to the starting position.

Standing Vs. Seated

You could find in your home gym that you do not have clearance enough with your ceiling to properly execute the Standing Overhead Press, and this is fine since you can also preform this lift from the sitting position. In fact, some people prefer to be seated during their Overhead Presses. Though the movement itself is nearly identical whether you’re sitting or standing, there are some important differences between doing this movement when standing. The standing barbell press builds more total-body strength than the seated overhead press because it requires more core stability and tension from the hips and legs. Seated presses don’t require the same stability because the body is taking stability from the bench. However, you can typically lift a little heavier when seated because of the stability provided by the back rest if you have one.


Start light with barbell overhead pressing and concentrate on form. When beginning, leave 5 reps in the tank at the end of each set and focus intently on each rep. For example, if you choose a weight with which you can do 10 reps with good form, don’t do more than 5. If you feel your back arch harder as you press, or you can’t finish with your arms parallel to your ears, the weight’s too heavy.

Progress by adding 5 pounds to the bar each week. Your body will safely accommodate this hike in load. Strive to do 15-25 total reps, which is the accumulation of all your working sets.


NOTE: There are a few different variations of the Overhead Press. I will be addressing these separately as I build upon this menu of basic lifts.


Back Squat AKA The Squat

The squat, commonly known as the “King of all exercises”  is the most basic strength exercise in weightlifting, and is one of the most commonly used exercises  as it is the most effective exercise in weightlifting for building basic strength, particularly of the legs and trunk.

The squat makes your legs, thighs, and core muscles stronger and in turn, increases your overall strength, mobility and balance. Squatting  works your entire body from head to toe, by engaging almost all muscle groups including your neck, back, stomach, hips, thighs, and feet. Due to this mass engagement of muscles, your body’s circulatory system gets fired up which revs up your metabolism. A high metabolism means your body uses more calories, which will result in fat loss. As you can see. the combination of all these functions working in unison provides your body with significant benefits. You may have heard from those who lack knowledge of squats that they are bad for the knees and ankles. This could not be farther from the truth as squats actually help to restore bad knees by conditioning them to become stronger, and inevitably prevent future damage.

How to execute the squat:

Place the barbell behind your neck—retract your shoulder blades tightly and rest the bar in the meat of your upper traps, un-rack the barbell and step back from the hooks.

Place your feet between hip and shoulder width apart with the toes turned out so that at full depth each thigh and the corresponding foot are in line with each other. Always remember this cue, “where your feet point is where your knees go”.

Set your back in a bit of an arch, and then take in a large and deep breath, and hold it in, while you forcefully tighten all your trunk musculature.

Before you execute the actual squatting movement, remember that you want the barbell to travel in a straight plane of movement down and back up in a straight line with your center of gravity. Then bend at the knees and hips almost simultaneously. You will want to break at the hips just before breaking at your knees simply because a little forward lean will help the bar dig into your rear delts a bit better, and be more stable.

Squat down as directly as possible into the bottom of the squat with an upright posture, maintaining tension on the legs throughout the movement and controlling the speed of the descent. Full depth is achieved when the knees are closed as much as possible without losing the arch in the back or when your hip joint is parallel with your knee joint (if you cannot sit into a full depth squat, you need to work on mobility). Upon reaching the bottom position, immediately transition and stand as aggressively as possible, again with the knees and hips together in a hip hinge movement to maintain your upright posture. Try to lead the movement with your head and shoulders while directing your gaze to a spot in front of you.


There is a large number of possibilities when it comes to programming the back squat. Most commonly weightlifters will use sets of 1-5 reps, but it’s not unheard of to use as many as 10 occasionally, briefly and far out from competition. Really, what it comes down to when deciding a rep range is between if your focus is on overall strength (low rep), or if you desire hypertrophic growth or toning (high reps).


The Bench Press

While the squat is the “King of all Lifts”, the Bench Press seems to be the most popular. The Bench Press is such a popular lift, it is often the lift a good many lifters concentrate on the most while neglecting other lifts of equal importance. Most young men who begin lifting want a big chest and big arms, and they believe the Bench Press is the method of achieving this. While this is mainly true, you  must not neglect the rest of your body when taking on a serious lifting program.

The Bench Press is indeed  a full body, compound exercise. However, it works your chest, shoulders and triceps most. It’s the most effective exercise to gain upper-body strength and muscle mass because it’s the upper-body exercise you’ll lift the most weight on. The bigger your bench, the bigger your chest.

Ladies, the Bench Press is an important lift for you too!

Training your pecs will build muscle underneath the fat that makes up your breasts. As long as you aren’t dieting too severely, you will not lose your breasts. If anything, the added muscle helps your breasts appear fuller. Training the Bench Press can give a little boost to your cleavage! By developing your pectoral muscles, you are actually creating a natural bra for yourself. Ladies, the bench press is an important lift for you too if you care about having a body that is well balanced in strength and appearance. And you can do this without having to feel like you have to “go heavy” when you do this lift.

How to properly execute the Bench Press.

  1. Lie on the bench with your eyes under the bar
  2. Grab the bar with a medium grip-width and then squeeze it as if you are trying to bend the bar.
  3. Unrack the bar by straightening your arms
  4. Lower the bar to your mid-chest
  5. Press the bar back up until your arms are straight

Hold the weight for a second at the top, with straight arms. Breathe. Then take a big breath, hold it, and lower the bar again. Keep your butt on the bench when you press it back up. To avoid shoulder pain, tuck your elbows 75° when you lower the bar. Don’t try to stretch your chest by flaring your elbows 90° out. You’ll impinge your shoulders if your upper-arms are perpendicular to your torso at the bottom. Tuck your elbows 75° to Bench Press pain-free.

How to grip the bar.
Grip the bar with your pinky inside the ring marks of your bar, or at least a little bit wider than your shoulder width. When you execute the lift, you want your forearms to be vertical to the floor when the bar touches your chest. Your build determines the grip width you need for this but medium usually works. Wider grips can be tough on your shoulders while a too narrow grip is  ineffective for benching heavy because it puts your forearms  into an incline, and places more emphasis on your triceps instead of your chest.
Do not Flare Your Elbows.

Do not lower the bar with elbows out 90° as you might see done with a bodybuilding-style with your elbows perpendicular to your torso at the bottom. By flaring your elbows, you stand the risk of a painful shoulder impingement  while attempting to get a bigger chest stretch. The top of your upper-arms will smash your rotator cuff tendons against your AC joint on every rep. Your shoulders will inflame and hurt. Tuck your elbows 75° in at the bottom.

Keep your entire body tight.

Lie on the bench with your upper-back tight. Imagine that you are trying to hold a pen between your shoulder-blades by squeezing them together. This action will flatten your upper-back and increase your body’s stability when you lie on the bench. This allows you to push your upper-back harder against the bench which increases your Bench Press. Always make it a point to. squeeze your shoulder-blades before you unrack the weight.

 You also will not want to shrug your shoulders forward. This will cause you to lose your upper-back tightness, your chest will collapse and your hands will be higher. This makes the bar path longer and the weight harder to bench. Keep you back tight, chest up and shoulders back. Always maintain upper-back tightness by pushing yourself into the bench on each rep.

When  setting up to Bench Press, raise your chest towards the ceiling. Do this by arching your lower back and rotating your rib cage up while keeping your butt on the bench. Squeeze your lats to lock your chest in position in order to make the weight easier to press as you’ll touch your chest higher. This shortens the bar path and decreases horizontal bar movement to press it back over your shoulders. Always keep your butt on the bench when you Bench Press. It is acceptable for your lower back to come off the bench in order to keep you chest up, but your butt must not rise.

Always make it a point to Bench Press with your feet firmly planted on the floor.

Don’t put your feet on the bench or in the air to feel your muscles better. No matter if you have seen others do this foolishness, it creates an unstable and ineffective position for Benching heavy weights because you can’t use your legs. Besides helping to keep your body tight as you lift, keeping your feet on the floor is for your safety as it increases stability, balance and strength. It improves your form by helping your keep your chest up and lower back arched. Always Bench Press with your feet flat on the floor.
Programming the Bench Press

Being as these lifting tutorials are geared to the beginning lifter, I advise you to begin with an empty barbell and then increase your weight by 5 pounds with every workout until you begin stalling out.

As with every other lift, there is a large number of possibilities when it comes to programming the Bench Press. Most commonly, weightlifters will use sets of 1-5 reps, but it’s also a common practice to use as many as 10 reps per set. Really, what it comes down to when deciding a rep range is between if your focus is on overall strength (low rep), or if you desire hypertrophic growth or toning (high reps).

Note: When lifting by yourself without someone to spot you, be sure you are using equipment that has safety catches that will protect you if you happen to fail a rep and cannot rack the barbell.